Connecting to the world wide web and the boat wide web is an important part of our cruising life. The Badboy system we had on La Mischief is no longer an option, a victim of Covid19, but we were never really a great fan and believe we can both do a lot better, whilst at the same time broaden the scope of our next solution.
First things first, we needed to understand our complete requirements, which are documented as follows:
- Extend the range of our mobile devices for when sailing or anchoring away from cell towers.
- Connect to Wifi Hotspots whilst at anchor or in marinas.
- Provide a network in the boat to hook up computers, phones, tablets, security cameras and TVs, with network attached storage to store movies, music, personal photos and video.
- Play movies from Netflix, Amazon Prime, Youtube etc as well as from network attached storage.
- Play music from phones and tablets as well as the web and network attached storage.
- A GPS system that can track the boats position, when at anchor, with alerting to show if it moves when it shouldn’t.
- Use Alexa or Google assistant for voice controls.
I’m quite happy with using a combination of Iridium Go and InReach for Satellite.
I’ve also thought about integrating the boats ethernet network into the MFDs – mainly for Cameras – as there is a few blind spots when backing a big cat into a tight slip but I think just using a tablet to view the cameras is good enough. I use OpenCPN on my Tablet also but don’t think I need to integrate Radar and AIS onto OpenCPN as I use it only when navigating around reefs in poorly charted areas.
I had originally thought Glomex’s Webboat 4G LITE COASTAL INTERNET would be my Badboy replacement but I hadn’t really done much research. Thanks to Gilbert from Vent d’Ailleurs who suggested that this was probably a bad choice, and his advice turned out to be spot on. So I needed to get serious and ramp up my research in an effort to at least become a youtube expert. Special thanks to Jeff from SV Quest, a fellow Saba 50, who shared the details of his gold standard solution for his boat. I also found some great information and advice from Steve on www.seabits.com. Finally, there are a lot of RVs out there who are trying to do the same thing and there are some excellent videos on how they are set up.
Armed with enough information to be dangerous, I was able to distill our requirements down into a list of components, that in total will meet our requirements. These are as follows:
- Either a cell booster or an external antenna that can boost or reach out to remote cell towers.
- A Wifi Shore Extender (a la Badboy)
- A Router in which we can insert a SIM card for LTE Wifi access, when away from shored based Wifi hotspots. This router needs GPS capability and an app to track the boats movements.
- A network switch that is 12V, which we can connect TVs, Network Attached Storage and SONOS.
- A Network Attached Storage unit to store music, movies, photos, video and security camera images.
Now for some decisions.
The heart of the system has to be the LTE Router. Everybody that I talked to or watched on youtube seemed to use Pepwave routers. Pepwave have several price points with varying levels of functionality, but I’ve settled on the Peplink Pepwave MAX BR1 MK2 at around $599US. This is an enterprise grade solution offering redundant SIM slots with automatic switching between Shore based Wifi and SIM card Wifi, 12V DC power capability, advanced GPS tracking (anchor alarm?), and remote management, all packed into a durable metal enclosure. The downsides of the BR1 are that you cannot bond the 2 sims for better throughput where the cell data speeds were not great; and the BR1 has a 400mb backplane, not gigabit speeds. We decided we could live with this given we don’t get great throughput from shore based Wifi anyway and we don’t chew up out Google Fi Wifi with movie downloads, etc that need lots of streaming bandwidth. We tend to download movies offline onto my tablet using Netflix, Youtube or Amazon offline functionality, when we are hooked up to free shore Wifi.
The Peplink Pepwave MAX BR1 MK2I will be connected to the separate MikroTik Shore Extender and the Poynting LTE Antenna, both of which will be mounted on the spreaders. I will plug in a Google Fi SIM, which works all over the world (provided Google don’t disconnect our service because we are out of the USA too often), and maybe use the extra slot for local SIM cards if this makes sense in a particular country. This Pepwave router will provide access over Wifi throughout the boat as well as Cat5 connections to TVs, Network Attached Storage and the SONOS system, via an attached network switch.
Wifi Shore Extender
The choice of a Wifi Shore Extender was a bit more difficult. Badboy was out so I started looking at the Wave Rogue Pro at $633 US. This seemed like an ideal solution except for the pricetag. I had a look at Ubiquiti airMAX Bullet M Range at Simon’s suggestion, but the problem here is that Bullet has either a 2.4Ghz model or a 5Ghz model that you need to choose between, rather than one unit that does both.
Steve from Seabits uses the MikroTik solution at around $100. It was encouraging to see Someone else on the Internet pointing out that the Rogue uses the MikroTik solution under the covers. The downside of the MikroTik is that its complicated to set up; but hopefully the Seabits Step by Step instructions will get me through this. Plus I have all the time in the world to get this sorted.
The next step was to find a solution to give me better wifi when there was a weak signal from cell towers. This came down to using either a cell amplifier or an external antenna or both. The WeBoost Drive Reach cellular amplifier was the unit that most seemed to use and recommend. This was around $500 and you needed to leave it off most of the time, only turning it on in remote situations. Leaving it on when there is good signal was detrimental and therefore I decided that spending $500 on something that could turn out to be a pain in the rectum was not where I wanted to go. So that meant using an external LTE antenna on the spreaders to give me the extra range that we require. The Poynting Omni 0402 was the gold standard but at $400 US I kept digging. Seabits used a Wilson Antenna at $200, but Steve did a review of the Poynting Omni 400 at $209, which he rated higher than the more expensive 0402 unit. $200 seems a reasonable amount of money to get better internet access when hopping along the coast or nearing a new country.
To round out the solution I will need a Gigabit network switch, to allow good streaming of Movies from the NAS to the TVs. Could go with one from Trendnet that Seabits recommend, but will do a bit more research first. A Network Attached Storage solution also requires a bit more research. I also researched security cameras and are honing in on the Reolink Lumus cameras as they don’t require a base station and work over Wifi direct to a tablet or phone.
The next step will be to get back some feedback from you lot; and then go ahead and order all the above components and build out the solution on land before packing them up in our luggage and carting them off to France, where we can install them on our new boat. This should be a fun little project to keep me amused and get me ahead of the game.